The way the nervous system receives messages from the senses and turns them into appropriate motor and behavioral responses is referred to as sensory processing. Sensory input is received and understood through sights, sounds, touch, tastes, smells, movement, balance, body position, and muscle control.
The Play & Playground Encyclopedia is a dynamic resource of over 600 listings that relate to issues involving children’s play, playgrounds, health issues, and safety as well as the people, organizations, and companies who have contributed to children’s play and wellbeing.
One of the oldest playground companies in the United States, BCI Burke was founded by John E. Burke in 1920 in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. Besides having innovative products, safety is also a priority at BCI Burke.
Agility is the ability to efficiently move and change the direction and the position of the body quickly in a controlled manner. This requires the integration of a combination of skills, such as balance, coordination, reflexes, speed, and strength.
The ability of the vision system to coordinate the movement of the hands to perform a task is called eye-hand coordination. Children’s eye-hand coordination skills improve as they play with toys, blocks, puzzles, and balls.
The game of jacks is a popular activity enjoyed by children. With many variations over the years, the game involves tossing small objects to be picked up in succession. The origins of the game are thought to be from Asia, although there have been many references in Greek and Roman mythology that describe games using stones or small bones. Similar games with varying names are played throughout the world, such as jackstones, fivestones, and knucklebones.
Ken Kutska has been involved since the 1970s in the evolution of the public playground industry safety standards and was co-founder and instructor of the National Recreation and Park Association's National Playground Safety Institute and its internationally recognized Certified Playground Safety Inspector Program.
The National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC) began in 1926 when professional researchers and educators joined together to organize quality nursery schools. NAEYC's mission is “to serve and act on behalf of the needs, rights and well-being of all young children with primary focus on the provision of educational and developmental services and resources,” birth through 8 years old.
Entrapment is defined as “…any condition which impedes withdrawal of a body or a body part that has penetrated an opening.” Many types of gaps can be found on playground equipment that could result in some type of entrapment.
Playground Safety Is No Accident: Developing a Public Playground Safety and Maintenance Program was first published by the National Recreation and Park Association in 1992 through their National Playground Safety Institute and the Park District Risk Management Agency. The 2nd edition, printed in 1998, reflects the updated ASTM International F1487 Standard Consumer Safety Performance Specification for Playground Equipment for Public Use.